GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH operates a unique large-scale accelerator for heavy ions. Researchers from around the world use this facility for experiments that help them make fascinating discoveries in basic research. In addition, they continually develop new and impressive applications.
The synthesis of element 117 at GSI belongs to the Top Ten Physics News Stories in 2014 published by American Physical Society (APS).
The GLAD magnet – a totally new development weighing in at 60 tonnes – has now been completed in Saclay, France. The magnet will separate charged particles from uncharged neutrons for the NUSTAR experiment at FAIR. The NUSTAR researchers intend to examine the characteristics of rare and extremely unstable atomic nuclei with large numbers of neutrons and how they are created in supernovae. In this manner the scientists would ultimately like to find out how our elements have been created in such massive starbursts.
FAIR – Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research
In the next few years the new international accelerator facility FAIR, one of the largest research projects worldwide, will be erected at GSI. At FAIR an unprecedented variety of experiments will be possible. Thereby physicists from all around the world will be able to gain new insights into the structure of matter and the evolution of the universe from the Big Bang to the present.
Learn more about FAIR: GSI about FAIR or FAIR web page
Cancer Treatment with Ion Beams
GSI is the birthplace of a new form of cancer treatment. This development was the result of many years of research in conjunction with GSI’s large ion-beam accelerator system. The advantage of this new treatment modality is that the ion beam selectively damages tumor tissues while sparing the surrounding healthy tissues.
The Creation of New Elements
Chemical elements are produced in stars and stellar explosions. Elements are the building blocks of all materials that surround us – including every atom of our bodies. The universe is also home to a large number of atoms that do not occur on earth. One of the key tasks of the researchers at GSI is to attempt to create previously unknown elements.