The Facility for Antiprotons and Ion Research (FAIR) is the new International accelerator facility presently under construction at the site of the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany. The new facility, where various physics programs can be operated in parallel, will offer outstanding research opportunities and discovery potential for about 3000 scientists from about 50 countries. International Collaborations in hadronic physics, nuclear structure etc. are already actively working to prepare the experiments for the opening of FAIR.
FAIR will also host an intense and innovative program in applied nuclear physics (APPA), and in particular in biophysics. In fact, FAIR can offer unique opportunities for biomedical research. The production of very high energy (10 GeV/n) heavy ions is very important for studies in space radiation protection, both in biology and microelectronics. The high energy can also be used for particle radiography and theranostics, whereas the high intensity of the FAIR beams gives opportunities for using high-energy radioactive ion beams and ultra-high dose rates in particle therapy, and for the production of new radioisotopes.