Collision Spectroscopy - Dielectronic Recombination
Dielectronic Recombination – the Primary Spectroscopic Tool for Collision Spectroscopy
The cross section of the resonant process of dielectronic recombination (DR) features pronounced energy-sharp resonant structures. Theses resonances can be measured with high experimental resolution storage-ring electron coolers or merged-beams free-electron targets, in particular at low electron-ion collision energies.
DR is a two-step process:
Xq+ +e− → X(q−1)+∗∗ → X(q−1)+∗ +photons.
In the initial step termed dielectronic capture (DC; time-inverse to autoionization) a free electron is resonantly captured. DR collision spectroscopy is sensitive to this first step of DR: the electron-ion collision energy is scanned in ﬁne steps. For center-of-mass (CM) collision energies that match the resonance energies a higher count rate of recombined ions, X(q−1)+ , is recorded. DR collision spectroscopy can be regarded as Auger spectroscopy in inverse kinematics.
This experimental approach possesses high sensitivity and high precision allowing for the investigation of processes with low resonance strengths and/or with low intensity beams such as rare isotopes. Experiments with only a few hundred ions produced and injected every 10 minutes into the storage ring were successfully conducted. The list of physics questions studied with electron-ion collision spectroscopy at storage rings is long (> 100 Publications) and compromises among others:
- Precision studies of fundamental interactions, in particular on QED in strong ﬁelds or on time-reversal symmetry.
- Atomic structure and dynamics investigations in the relativistic domain.
- Correlated multiple-electron excitation processes.
- Inﬂuence of external ﬁelds on photorecombination.
- Measurement of rate coefﬁcients for application in plasma physics or in astrophysics.
- Investigations of metastable ions including excitations from the metastable state, life time studies, and the hyperﬁne induced quenching of metastable states.
- Application of DR spectroscopy for the investigation of nuclear properties such as nuclear charge radii, nuclear magnetic moments and the mutual interaction of atomic electrons and the nucleus. More recently, the scope of this nuclear physics related experiments is extended to studies of radioisotopes and to studies of nuclear isomers.