# Software Tools

Below is given a list of different codes developed or used in our group. For acces to executables or source codes, see here or contact Aleksandra Kelic-Heil.

## ABRABLA

ABRABLA is a Monte-Carlo code dedicated to calculations of production cross sections and velocities of residues produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. It consist of ABRA - improved version of the abrasion model for peripheral and mid-peripheral collisions of relativistic heavy ions (J.-J. Gaimard, K.-H. Schmidt Nucl. Phys. A 531 (1991) 709; K.-H. Schmidt, M. V. Ricciardi, A. Botvina, T. Enqvist Nucl. Phys. A 710 (2002) 157) and ABLA - a fast code to caluculate the deexcitation cascade (particle evaporation and fission) of an excited nucleus (A. Kelic, M.V. Ricciardi, K.-H. Schmidt Proceedings of the Joint ICTP-IAEA Advanced Workshop on Model Codes for Spallation Reactions, ICTP Trieste, Italy, 4-8 February 2008. Editors: D. Filges, S. Leray, Y. Yariv, A. Mengoni, A. Stanculescu, and G. Mank, IAEA INDC(NDS)-530, pagg. 181-221, Vienna, August 2008; arXiv_nucl-th/0906.4193v1 and references therein).

(Responsable: Aleksandra Kelic-Heil)

## AMADEUS

AMADEUS (A magnet and degrader utility for scaling) is a versatile program to predict nuclear, electronic and atomic interactions of relativistic heavy ions in matter, to treat the deflection in magnetic systems and to calculate relativistic transformations. The details of the calculations are listed in the PhD thesis of Eckhard Hanelt (IKDA, TU Darmstadt, 1992, GSI DISS. 92-05)

(Responsible: Karl-Heinz Schmidt)

## BENESH

BENESH calculates the total nuclear interaction cross section according to the analytical formula of Benesh, Cook and Vary (Phys. Rev. C 40 (1989) 1198).

## BETACORR

BETACORR is a Monte-Carlo Code, which simulates the time sequences in an experiment with implantations of beta-radioactive ions under the conditions encountered at the FRS. BETACORR produces time-correlation spectra in forward and backward time direction in order to check the experimental conditions, which are required to extract spectroscopic information like half lives, branching ratios etc. See source code for further details. The program has been developed by Teresa Kurtukian and Karl-Heinz Schmidt.

(Responsible: Karl-Heinz Schmidt)

## BF

BF calculates the macroscopic part of the fission barrier according to

- the liquid-drop model: W. D. Myers, W. J. Swiatecki, Arkiv foer Fysik 36 (1967) 343

- the finite-range liquid-drop model: A. J. Sierk, Phys. Rev. C 33 (1986) 2039,

- the Thomas-Fermi model: W. D. Meyers, W. J. Swiatecki, Phys. Rev. C 60 (1999) 014606.

## EMD

EMD (Electromagnetic dissociation) treats the electromagnetic interactions of relativistic heavy ions with target atoms. The parameters used in the calculation are listed in the PhD thesis of Axel Grewe (IKDA, TU Darmstadt, 1997, GSI DISS. 97-03).

(Responsible: Karl-Heinz Schmidt)

## EPAX

EPAX is a systematics of isotopic cross sections in projectile fragmentation. For the original version of EPAX see K. Suemmerer, W. Bruechle, D. J. Morrissey, M. Schaedel, B. Szweryn, Yang Weifan, Phys. Rev. C 42 (1990) 2546. The cross sections are calculated with EPAX Version 2 (K. Suemmerer, B. Blank, Phys. Rev. C (2000) 034607).

(Responsible: Klaus Suemmerer)

## FLYBY

FLYBY is a Monte-Carlo Code, which follows the energy loss of individual particles in a layer of matter. The effect of ionic charge-changing reactions is explicitely treated. Three charge states (zero, one and two electrons) are supported. The program was designed to study the response of an ionization chamber to high-energetic ions which carry up to three electrons. The program has been developed by Steffen Steinhäuser and Karl-Heinz Schmidt.

(Responsible: Karl-Heinz Schmidt)

## KAROL

KAROL calculates the total nuclear interaction cross section according to the microscopic model of Karol (Phys. Rev. C 11 (1975) 1203). Thomas Brohm (Nucl. Phys. A 569 (1994) 821) and recently Florence Vives introduced more realistic parameters for the nuclear density distributions.

## LIESCHEN

LIESCHEN (Named after the LISE spectrometer at GANIL) predicts the ion-optical separation of secondary beams with the Fragment Separator of GSI. The details of the calculations are described in the PhD thesis of Eckhard Hanelt (IKDA, TU Darmstadt, 1992, GSI DISS. 92-05), in K.-H. Schmidt, E. Hanelt, H. Geissel, G. Muenzenberg, J.-P. Dufour, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 260 (1987) 287-303, and E. Hanelt, K.-H. Schmidt, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 321 (1992) 434-438

(Responsible: Karl-Heinz Schmidt)

## MCSLgvin

MCSLgvin is a Monte-Carlo Code, which solves the Langevin equation numerically for the evolution of a nucleus in fission direction. The program is implemented in SATAN. The values of several global parameters can be changed in order to select specific model parameters. The results can be viewed immediately in form a SATAN analysers. The program also calculates the Mean First Passage Time and the Kramers decay constant. The program has been developed by Christelle Schmitt and Karl-Heinz Schmidt.

(Responsible: Karl-Heinz Schmidt)

## SATAN/GRAF

SATAN (System for the analysis of tremendous amounts of nuclear data) is the successor of the first GSI standard data analysis package to analyse experimental data, to perform model calculations, and to visualise the results.

(Responsible for the WINDOWS version: Karl-Heinz Schmidt)

## SEETRAM

SEETRAM predicts the sensitivity of the SEcondary-Electron Transmission Monitor according to a systematics of Thomas Brohm and Christine Ziegler (1994).

## SILBERBERG

SILBERBERG is a systematics of isotopic cross sections in proton-induced spallation reactions. "Updated Partial Cross Sections of Proton-Nucleus Reactions" by Silberberg, Tsao and Barghouty, 1998, Ap.J. 501, (1998 July 10).

The code available as source code and executable is an updated version (private communication N. Barghouty, 2002)