Video: The History of Element Discovery
International UNESCO Year of the Periodic Table
How was the periodic table created and do we already know all the elements that exist in the universe? An animated film by GSI and FAIR summarizes the history of the discovery of the elements: from the Ancient World to the creation of new elements at particle accelerator facilities such as GSI and FAIR. The year 2019 is proclaimed by the United Nations as the International Year of the Periodic Table, which celebrates its 150th anniversary this year.
Exactly 150 years ago, the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev published an order for the chemical elements which has been retained to this day: the periodic table of elements. On the occasion of the anniversary, GSI and FAIR, the laboratory of the element discoverers, illuminate the history of the discovery of the elements.
According to IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry), the periodic table is one of the most outstanding achievements of science, containing the essence of chemistry, physics and biology. It is a unique tool that has enabled scientists to predict the structure and properties of matter on Earth and throughout the universe.
Experiments at the GSI accelerator facility in Darmstadt enabled scientists to discover six new elements, amongst them the elements darmstadtium and hassium, in honor of the city and the land of the laboratory.