40 years of cooperation with the Institute of Modern Physics in China
The collaboration between GSI and the Institute of Modern Physics (IMP) in Lanzhou, China, celebrates its 40th anniversary this year. On this occasion, a commemorative event was held on 4 September 2017 in Beijing, China, followed by a workshop for storage ring physics and accelerator technologies. Speakers at the ceremonial act were the head of the IMP, Professor Guoqing Xiao, as well as the Scientific Managing Director of GSI and FAIR, Professor Paolo Giubellino.
The cooperation between GSI and Chinese research facilities can look back on a long tradition. The starting points were personal contacts between Professor Yang Chengzhong, the founding director of IMP, and Professor Rudolf Bock, member of the founding directorate and for many years head of the former Nuclear Physics I department of GSI, at the International Nuclear Physics Conference at Caen in 1976, and during mutual visits to GSI and Beijing in 1977. At that time, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) launched a program in heavy-ion physics, aiming for the construction of a heavy-ion accelerator at the IMP. In 1979, the first three guest scientists from China visited GSI in the framework of the Humboldt fellow program and worked in the field of nuclear reactions for about two years. A regular exchange program was established in the following years with stays of Chinese researchers at GSI and visits of GSI scientists to Lanzhou, which is still on-going. Contacts with other CAS institutes were also established during that time.
Scientific exchange and cooperation with China has since prospered into many areas ranging from hadron, nuclear and atomic physics to plasma research, radiation-biology, radiation safety, accelerator physics and vacuum technology. In particular with the start of the Chinese Cooler-Storage Ring project (CSR) in 1998 in Lanzhou and FAIR and the Chinese accelerator project HIAF lately, scientific and technical cooperation has been further intensified. Due to the good and efficient cooperation the International Cooperation Award in 2002 and the Friendship Award for Foreign Experts of China in 2006 were conferred to Dr. Nobert Angert and the ‘Dunhuang award’ for international cooperation of Gansu local government in 2004 was granted to Dr. Otto Klepper, both GSI experts. A Helmholtz-CAS Joint Research Group has been established, which facilitated exchange of students and young postdocs between both institutions. The group has produced approx. 100 peer-reviewed scientific publications so far. Several GSI/FAIR scientists hold IMP guest professorship awards, are members of Chinese programme advisory committees or collaborate on R&D work for both GSI and the IMP.
The course for a continuation of this valuable collaboration has already been set. In spring 2017 the agreement of collaboration between IMP and GSI has been prolonged for another five years and also the FAIR GmbH has been added as a partner.