FAIR

The new accelerator facility FAIR is under construction at GSI. Learn more.

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GSI is member of

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GSI associates

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Research with FAIR

Picture: GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
A hadron built of three quarks.
Picture: NASA
The crab nebula, a supernova remainder. Supernovae are a place of element sythesis.

Natural sciences have taught us a lot about the structure of matter and the evolution of the universe. Despite tremendous progress in this fields, many puzzles are still to be solved.

Structure of matter

As an example, we still know little about the properties of "hadronic matter", i.e. matter that is composed of quarks and bound by the strong force - one of the four fundamental forces in nature. Thus our knowledge about protons and neutrons, the constituents of the nucleus which make up more than 99.9 % of the visible mass of the universe, remains rather sketchy. Learn more...

Evolution of the universe

The evolution of the universe also confronts us with many open questions. We know that tiny fractions of a second after the Big Bang all matter existed as a primordial soup consisting of quarks, gluons, photons and leptons. As the universe expanded and cooled down, a new phase of matter came into being, composed of protons, neutrons and electrons - the building blocks of our present world. Learn more...

To answer these fascinating questions, GSI physicists together with scientists from universities and research institutes, both in Germany and abroad, plan for the new international accelerator center FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) for intense, high-energy beams of ions and antiprotons. A broad spectrum of scientific areas will be addressed at the new facility:

and the possibility of applications.

fileadmin/_migrated/pics/0_1_grossesnukleon.jpg
fileadmin/_migrated/pics/Crab-Nebula_01.jpg
A hadron built of three quarks.
The crab nebula, a supernova remainder. Supernovae are a place of element sythesis.
A hadron built of three quarks.
The crab nebula, a supernova remainder. Supernovae are a place of element sythesis.
Picture: GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
Picture: NASA