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2012 marks the 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Germany and the People’s Republic of China. Dating from the end of the 1970s, there has a been a host of successful research projects involving collaboration between the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and research centres belonging to the Helmholtz Association. The latter include GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, which has maintained scientific links with the CAS-affiliated Institute of Modern Physics (IMP) in...

Foto: G. Otto, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
Professor Horst Stöcker will extend his period of service as the Scientific Director of GSI by an additional five years. He is doing so in response to the Supervisory Board's request that he continue his successful work at GSI.

G. Otto / GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
For six weeks the rover „Curiosity” is now working on Mars. NASA also plans to send humans to Mars within the next 20 years. On the flight and during the stay on Moon or Mars the astronauts have to be protected against long exposure to cosmic radiation that might cause cancer. On behalf of the European Space Agency ESA the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH tests whether Moon and Mars regolith can be used to build shieldings for ground stations.

Mathematikum Gießen/Fotograf: Rolf K. Wegst
The lecture series "Wissenschaft für Alle" at GSI starts again after the summer break. First talk for the second term of 2012 will be "Mathematische Experimente" (Mathematical Experiments) held by Albrecht Beutelspacher on 22 August, 2 p. m.

Foto: G. Otto / GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
An international research team has succeeded in directly measuring the strength of shell effects in very heavy elements. The results provide information on the nuclear structure of superheavy elements, thus promising to enable drastically improved predictions concerning the location and extension of the island of stability of superheavy elements. Indeed, it is expected that such elements with "magic" numbers of protons and neutrons will profit from enhanced stability due to shell effects, which...

Foto: A. Zschau, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
The GSI researchers Gottfried Münzenberg and Hans Geissel have discovered the largest number of atomic nuclei. Münzenberg, a professor at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, holds the world record with a total of 218 atomic nuclei. Geissel, a professor at Justus Liebig University Giessen, holds second place with 210 nuclei. That’s the result of a count carried out by Michael Thoennessen, a researcher at Michigan State University in the USA. He is currently working on the history of the...

Foto: G. Otto, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
The heavy ion cancer therapy developed at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH in Darmstadt has proved very successful. Thus far, however, it has primarily been used to treat brain tumours. This is because the head is one part of the body that can be kept completely stationary – a prerequisite for the ion beam, which hits cancer cells with pinpoint precision. Breast or stomach tumours are extremely frequent but more difficult to treat with an ion beam as they move as a result of...

In a new research project lead-managed by GSI the anti-inflammatory therapeutic properties and the risks of a therapy with radon will be studied. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project Grewis (Genetische Risiken und entzündungshemmende Wirkung von ionisierender Strahlung, meaning genetical risks and anti-inflammatory properties of ionizing radiation) with three million Euro in the next 3,5 years. Research partners of GSI are the technical university in Darmstadt,...