50 years GSI

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FAIR

The new accelerator facility FAIR is under construction at GSI. Learn more.

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Photo: M. Bernards / FAIR GmbH
It is a significant moment for the FAIR-Project: A new partner comes aboard. The FAIR international laboratory welcomes the Czech Republic as new partner state. The Czech Republic joins FAIR as an “Aspirant Partner”, a new type of participation which the FAIR Council, the shareholders' meeting of FAIR GmbH, has created in 2017 to offer new countries interested in being part of FAIR a progressive path to membership.



Photo: L. Weitz, GSI
A total of 57 girls from grades 5 through 9 had the opportunity to find out about the work at FAIR and GSI on Thursday, 28 March 2019. They took advantage of the nation-wide Girls’Day to gain an insight into the many activities that are pursued at an international research institution, especially in professions where women have seldom been represented so far. With this number, the organizers broke the previous record of participants.



Photo: J. Hosan/GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH
It is a new high-quality offer for international young scientists and at the same time a further important step for cosmic radiation research: The European Space Agency (ESA) and the international accelerator center FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research), which is currently being built at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, will establish a joint Summer School for Radiation Research.



Picture: Intermedial Design for GSI/FAIR
When exactly does a newly created element really exist? What requirements must be fulfilled for its measurement to be recognized and for the element to be added to the periodic table of chemical elements? And in the case of several claims, to whom is the discovery attributed, and thus the right to name it? In order to answer these questions, the criteria for element discovery have been revised and published in a preliminary report.



Picture: C. Breu, L. Rezzolla
The option to measure the gravitational waves of two merging neutron stars has offered the chance to answer some of the fundamental questions about the structure of matter. At the extremely high temperatures and densities in the merger scientists conjecture a phase-transition where neutrons dissolve into their constituents: quarks and gluons. In the current issue of Physical Review Letters, two international research groups report on their calculations of what the signature of such a phase...



Photo: JAEA
An international group of researchers including participants from GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt and its two branches, the Helmholtz Institutes Mainz and Jena, have determined the first ionization potentials of the artificially created elements fermium, mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium. The data unambiguously show that the actinide series ends with lawrencium. The results have been published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS).



Photo: G. Otto/ GSI Helmholtzzentrum
To create a European science cloud, allowing universal access to research data through a single online platform – that is the aim of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) initiative launched by the European Union member states. The EU project ESCAPE has now received a grant. ESCAPE (European Science Cluster of Astronomy & Particle physics ESFRI research infrastructures) aims to address the common Open Science challenges in astronomy and particle physics research domains. FAIR and GSI are...



Photo: I. Peter/GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung
Intense discussions and numerous new contacts — the FAIR construction project’s participation this year in the internationally renowned real estate trade fair Expo Real was once again very successful. The project’s dynamic progress attracted strong interest from professionals and trade fair visitors. Over a period of three days, an extensive presentation of the construction planning and the next steps toward the realization of the unique particle accelerator facility FAIR (Facility for...



Photo: CERN/A. Saba
The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. After the Big Bang about 13.7 billion years ago, matter consisted mainly of quarks and gluons, two types of elementary particles whose interactions are governed by quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of strong interaction. In the early universe, these particles moved (nearly) freely in a quark-gluon plasma. Then, in a phase...