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Physicists at the University of Jena have developed a new method for producing plasma, enabling them to deal with some of the problems that stand in the way of this extremely difficult process. The three classic physical states – solid, liquid and gaseous – can be observed in any normal kitchen, for example when you bring an ice cube to the boil. But if you heat material even further, so that the atoms of a substance collide and the electrons separate from them, then another state is reached:...
Professor Marco Durante, the head of the GSI Biophysics Department, has been appointed member of the International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP), the International organisation providing recommendations and guidance on radiological protection from ionising radiation. The appointment follows a long-standing commitment of Durante and the GSI Biophysics to the investigation of and protection from ionizing radiation in space, in particular in cooperation with the European Space Agency...
The origin of mass, the properties of the building blocks of matter and their interaction in the formation of our universe — several research groups of the Physics Institutes at Justus Liebig University Giessen (JLU) are dealing with fundamental questions such as these. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is funding their research on these topics with a total of around six million euros as part of several joint research projects.
A delegation from FAIR, led by Professor Paolo Giubellino, Scientific Director of FAIR and GSI, visited the Republic of India in May. In addition to talks with representatives of FAIR partner institutions, Giubellino took part in the inauguration ceremony of the mega-science exhibition in Mumbai named "Vigyan Samagam". India is one of the shareholders of the FAIR GmbH and participates in the FAIR project through numerous in-kind contributions.
The Helmholtz Institute Mainz (HIM) celebrates its tenth anniversary. With its remarkable research achievements in the fields of physics and chemistry, HIM has become an international research center of scientific excellence. At the heart of the institute's work is the FAIR accelerator complex, currently being built at GSI in Darmstadt. The institute celebrates its anniversary with a ceremony.
Extreme cold in one area, warm room temperature right next to it – the sophisticated cryotechnology for the large SIS100 ring accelerator, the heart of the international accelerator facility FAIR, is a major challenge. An important element in achieving the best possible technical solutions for cooling the 1100-metre-long SIS100 is now going into series production: the so-called bypass lines.
It’s light, solid and could play an important role in future space missions into the depths of space: lithium hydride, a salt-like chemical compound of lithium and hydrogen. Crucial indications for the possible suitability of lithium hydride as a shielding material against cosmic radiation have now been found by research partners in Germany and Italy.
At 150 years of age, every chemistry lesson still must have it: the periodic table of the elements. The table organizes all substances in the universe according to their atomic masses and chemical properties. The United Nations has declared 2019 to be the International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements. For this occasion, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung and the Darmstadtium Science and Congress Center have published a periodic table as educational material for...
It’s an exciting field of research for physics: quark-gluon plasma, the state of matter that existed in the universe until fractions of a second after the big bang, that can be generated and studied by collisions of heavy lead ions. Experimental observations show that these collisions produce light nuclei such as deuterons, tritons and helium. Researchers, however, don’t agree on the theoretical explanation for their production.